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History: Dust Bowl, Dirty Thirties, 1930s, Great Plains, American and Canadian prairies

History: Dust Bowl, Dirty Thirties, 1930s, Great Plains, American And Canadian Prairies

Drought and dust storms
The unusually wet period, which encouraged increased settlement and cultivation in the Great Plains, ended in 1930. This was the year in which an extended and severe drought began which caused crops to fail, leaving the plowed fields exposed to wind erosion. The fine soil of the Great Plains was easily eroded and carried east by strong continental winds.
On November 11, 1933, a very strong dust storm stripped topsoil from desiccated South Dakota farmlands in just one of a series of bad dust storms that year. Then, beginning on May 9, 1934, a strong, two-day dust storm removed massive amounts of Great Plains topsoil in one of the worst such storms of the Dust Bowl. The dust clouds blew all the way to Chicago, where they deposited 12 million pounds of dust. Two days later, the same storm reached cities in the east, such as Buffalo, Boston, Cleveland, New York City, and Washington, D.C. That winter (1934–1935), red snow fell on New England.

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Keywords:#history #dust #bowl #dirty #thirties #great #plains #american #canadian #prairies
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Date added:Oct 18, 2013
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