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Moeraki Boulders, Koekohe Beach, Otago coast, New Zealand

Moeraki Boulders, Koekohe Beach, Otago Coast, New Zealand

As determined by detailed analysis the fine-grained rock using optical mineralogy, X-ray crystallography, and electron microprobe, the boulders consist mud, fine silt and clay, cemented by calcite. The degree cementation varies from being relatively weak within the interior a boulder to quite hard within its outside rim. The outside rims the larger boulders consist much as 10 to 20% calcite, because the calcite not only tightly cements the silt and clay but has also replaced it to a significant degree.
The rock comprising the bulk a boulder is riddled with large cracks called "septaria" that radiate outward from a hollow core lined with scalenohedral calcite crystals. The process or processes that created septaria within Meoraki Boulders, and in other septarian concretions, remain an unresolved matter for which a number possible explanations have been proposed. These cracks radiate and thin outward from the centre the typical boulder and are typically filled with an outer (early stage) layer brown calcite and an inner (late stage) layer yellow calcite spar, which ten, but not always, completely fills the cracks. Rare Moeraki Boulders have a very thin innermost (latest stage) layer dolomite and quartz covering the yellow calcite spar.
The composition the Moeraki Boulders and the septaria that they contain are typical , ten virtually identical to, septarian concretions that have been found in exposures sedimentary rocks in New Zealand and elsewhere. Pearson and Nelson (2005, 2006) describe in detail the occurrence smaller but otherwise very similar septarian concretions within exposures sedimentary rocks elsewhere in New Zealand. Similar septarian concretions have been found in the Kimmeridge Clay and Oxford Clay England, and at many other locations worldwide.

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Album name:World & Travel
Rating (1 votes):55555
Keywords:#moeraki #boulders #koekohe #beach #otago #coast #new #zealand
Filesize:70 KiB
Date added:Sep 30, 2010
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