Win up to 20 BTC - Every ticket wins
Rate this file (Rating : 5 / 5 with 1 votes)
volcanoes around the world

Volcanoes Around The World

Subduction zones are places where two plates, usually an oceanic plate and a continental plate, collide. In this case, the oceanic plate subducts, or submerges under the continental plate forming a deep ocean trench just offshore. Water released from the subducting plate lowers the melting temperature of the overlying mantle wedge, creating magma. This magma tends to be very viscous due to its high silica content, so often does not reach the surface and cools at depth. When it does reach the surface, a volcano is formed. Typical examples for this kind of volcano are Mount Etna and the volcanoes in the Pacific Ring of Fire.
• "Hotspots"
"Hotspots" is the name given to volcanic provinces postulated to be formed by mantle plumes. These are postulated to comprise columns of hot material that rise from the core-mantle boundary. They are suggested to be hot, causing large-volume melting, and to be fixed in space. Because the tectonic plates move across them, each volcano becomes dormant after a while and a new volcano is then formed as the plate shifts over the postulated plume. The Hawaiian Islands have been suggested to have been formed in such a manner, as well as the Snake River Plain, with the Yellowstone Caldera being the part of the North American plate currently above the hot spot. This theory is currently under criticism, however.

File information
Filename:255364.jpg
Album name:World & Travel
Rating (1 votes):55555
Keywords:#volcanoes #around #world
Filesize:49 KiB
Date added:Apr 07, 2010
Dimensions:700 x 466 pixels
Displayed:6 times
URL:displayimage.php?pid=255364
Favorites:Add to Favorites